CIA Operations Officer discusses the American Revolution

According to George Washington during wartime, “there is nothing more necessary than good intelligence to frustrate a designing enemy.” This quote is widely referenced among historians discussing U.S. intelligence activities, including Kenneth A. Daigler in his book, “Spies, Patriots and Traitors.” During a special presentation on September 27 at 7 p.m. sponsored by the Friends of that State Historic Sites of the Hudson Highlands, Daigler will speak about this topic during the era of the American Revolution from the perspective of an intelligence professional.

Kenneth Daigler served as an operations officer in the CIA for nearly 20 years which included being a Chief of Station domestically and abroad in a high risk environment, as well as senior management positions at the division level at CIA Headquarters. In addition, Daigler holds a BA in History from Centre College of Kentucky, an MA in History from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University.

The talk will take place at the Newburgh Brewing Company, located at 88 South Colden Street within the City of Newburgh. The bar will be open and like eighteenth century taverns that served as social centers, meeting houses and rendezvous points for patriot groups like the Sons of Liberty, visitors may enjoy a drink to accompany a talk that holds local significance.

Due to the importance of the Hudson River and its proximity to the British stronghold in New York City, the region saw its fair share of intelligence activity. Local committees of safety sprang up with a purpose of protecting the interests of the Continental Congress with actions like implementing loyalty pledges and identifying suspected loyalists to the King.

View of the Hudson from Plum Point in New Windsor, once location of Thomas Machin’s Battery of Twelve Guns to support river defense obstructions. Photo by Brian Wolfe.

Some spies have been identified, like Daniel Bissell who posed as a defector from the Continental Army at New Windsor and was honored as one of three known recipients of George Washington’s Badge of Military Merit for his intelligence services while operating in New York City. Then there was Thomas Machin who is locally significant as an engineer of Hudson River defenses. He first deserted from the British artillery in 1775 and provided Washington with valuable information concerning British fortifications in Boston. There was also the ill-fated British spy, Daniel Taylor, who was caught in New Windsor during the 1777 British invasion of New York and hung in Kingston. Not to mention the notorious betrayal by Benedict Arnold at West Point.

Nineteenth century engraving of a hollowed screw capsule that stored important information for the British Army at Saratoga, 1777. It was retrieved by a local doctor after the British spy, Daniel Taylor, swallowed it soon after capture.

Although these examples have an essence of adventure, righteousness and romanticism, the second half of Washington’s popular quote on the necessity of intelligence cautions there is “nothing that requires greater pains to obtain.” In his talk, Kenneth Daigler will reveal how his experience may give us a better understanding and appreciation for our past.

Admission to this special presentation is free. For more information call (845) 562-1195.

The Friends of the State Historic Sites of the Hudson Highlands exists to benefit three New York State Historic Sites – Washington’s Headquarters, New Windsor Cantonment, and Knox’s Headquarters. The supported historic sites gain from this organization’s mission to increase public awareness of the three sites’ historical and educational significance; to raise funds to be used to supplement the educational, programming and collection needs of the sites; and to offer quality education and history related items for sale to site visitors.

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Slavery in New Paltz

HHS - Hardenbergh Slave Collar From the HHS Permanent Collection & Archives

NEW PALTZ – To coincide with The Slave Dwelling Project’s Joseph McGill and Terry James, Historic Huguenot Street (HHS) has recently curated a new exhibit to explore the topic of slavery in New Paltz. This exhibit centers around wills and other documents dating from the late 17th century through the early 19th century from the HHS Archives, as well as a late 18th century slave collar from the HHS Permanent Collection. A highlight of the display is the account book of John Hasbrouck that records his work as a freeman, as well as the wages and goods he received as payment between 1830 and 1839.

The first records of slave acquisition by the French Huguenot founders of New Paltz began in 1674 with the purchase of two enslaved people in Kingston. The Huguenot families who settled New Paltz are known to have enslaved Africans, as evidenced by the documents on display. Contrary to the common misconception that slavery was practiced in the U.S. only in the South, Northern states were also dependent on enslaved African labor in the 17th and 18th centuries to build their homes and communities, to work their farms, and to serve as domestic servants and skilled artisans. Slavery was practiced in what is now New York as early as 1626 by the Dutch and was perpetuated by the British through the 18th century. Even after the American Revolution, slavery was not legally abolished in New York State until 1827.

A descendant of Huguenot Street, Mary Etta Schneider, has said, “It is important to acknowledge the paradox inherent to this community’s use of enslaved African labor. My ancestors fled France for religious and political freedom. Before leaving France they saw their own families tortured, enslaved, and killed. Yet these emigrants came to the New World and, for their own personal gain, forced other human beings to labor against their will.” By exploring the narrative of Northern slavery through tours, programs, and exhibits such as this, Historic Huguenot Street hopes to reveal the true story of the street, not just from the perspective of slave owners, but from the perspective of those enslaved who also helped build our community.

The free exhibit will be on display in the DuBois Fort (81 Huguenot Street) through September 25, 2016. See for hours.

A National Historic Landmark District, Historic Huguenot Street is a 501(c)3 non-profit that encompasses 30 buildings across 10 acres that was the heart of the original 1678 New Paltz settlement, including seven stone houses that date to the early eighteenth century.  It was founded in 1894 as the Huguenot Patriotic, Historical, and Monumental Society to preserve the nationally acclaimed collection of stone houses.  Since then, Historic Huguenot Street has grown into an innovative museum, chartered as an educational corporation by the University of the State of New York Department of Education, that is dedicated to protecting our historic buildings, conserving an important collection of artifacts and manuscripts, and promoting the stories of the Huguenot Street families, from the sixteenth century to today.

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The Colden Mansion approaches its 250th Anniversary*

Next year marks the 250th anniversary of a Montgomery landmark. The Colden mansion, along with its surrounding land, was originally the home of Cadwallader Colden, Jr., his wife Elizabeth Ellison, and their large family. The stone structure, remnants of which are still visible on Route 17K, dates to 1767. A stone from the house, which had been inscribed with the date, can now be seen on the grounds of the Town Hall.  


Cadwallader Colden by Matthew_Pratt 1772

Cadwallader Colden, Sr., received the original patent for the land in 1719. He began clearing and building on the land, and later settled his family there, having found living in New York City too expensive for a growing family. He named his home Coldengham or Coldenham.

In 1720 he would be appointed to the New York provincial council which required him to spend at least part of the year in the city. In 1744 he deeded a portion of his Coldenham land to his son, Cadwallader Colden, Jr., with the understanding that the son pay the annual quit rent to the King of 2 shillings and 6 pence per 100 acres, as stipulated in the original patent. That was also the year Cadwallader, Jr., married Elizabeth Ellison of New Windsor.

Cadwallader and Elizabeth’s first home together was located on this portion of land. It is thought that this early home later served as the summer kitchen whose stone foundation can still be seen near the ruins of the mansion. Around 1760, when Colden, Sr., began serving as lieutenant governor and acting governor of the province (until 1775), his obligations required him to live closer to New York City year-round; he transferred the remainder of his Coldenham land to his son, totaling 3000 acres. Within a few years the stone mansion was constructed.

In 1796, looking back on his life, Cadwallader, Jr., wrote to a cousin in Scotland, bringing him up to date on a branch of the family he had never met and their home in Coldenham:


My father being much from home on public business, I was left almost entirely to my mother for instruction and education (there being no such thing as a school)…In the year 1760 my father was called upon to fill that office [Lieutenant Governor]…leaving me in possession of his estate here…

I have lived in this woody country from seven years of age, always more fond of working in the field than of literature. My father gave me five hundred acres of woodland, adjoining his farm on which I felled the first tree, and took out the first stub with my own hands. It was then a perfect wilderness through which one could not see the sunshine. — 

After clearing a little land, commencing a barn and house, I thought it was proper to look for a housekeeper; and, before my house was finished, I had got one in the neighborhood, for I could not spare time to go far, and if I had I should not have fared better — she making as good a wife as if she had been brought up by my own mother… We have now lived together above fifty years, and, I believe, no fifty years were spent happier by any one pair. While I am writing, she is as busy at her needle as if just beginning the world and looks almost as young, although the mother of twelve children — six only of whom are living — three dying infants and three grown up… 


Cadwallader was a dedicated farmer, experimenting with different crops and keeping careful records. Recalling him in later years, his neighbors “spoke in warm praise of his character for the honest uprightness that governed him in all his business transactions.” He was devoted to his family, making their well-being and happiness his top priority. He was often called upon for advice and provided a home to extended family members who had lost loved ones or any means of support.

Over the years, the mansion was frequently a gathering place for family and friends. Among many others, Washington Irving was a known visitor. Perhaps it was here that he met his future fiancée, Matilda Hoffman, a great-granddaughter of Gov. Colden and grand-niece of Cadwallader, Jr: tragically, she died of tuberculosis at the young age of 17. Irving never married. According to a family story, he carried a miniature portrait of her with him until his death 50 years later in 1859.

Another grand-niece, Mrs. Alice Colden (Willet) Wadsworth, who was born around 1787, reminisced about the closeness of the family:


I must not omit to mention a custom of the Colden family for many years—Every New Year’s eve, they met at the family mansion house (occupied at that time by the parents [Cadwallader, Jr. and Elizabeth Colden]) – grandchildren—nephews—nieces & cousins—in short, all the descendants who resided there, assembled to pass the evening together in love & harmony.  A long table was set & sumptuously filled, & tastefully arranged, at which they generally sat down at 11 o’clock.  The meal ended & the hour of 12 just completed, the eldest son arose, & going to the head of the table & then to the foot, wished his parents, many returns of the New Year.  This was followed by all present.  After the death of her husband, the venerable old lady continued the custom…


And the house even had its resident ghost, as recalled by another family member, Sarah S. Murray, in her description of visits to the house. Sarah was born around 1832:


Our summers, or a portion of them, were spent at Coldenham, taking the Mary Powell to Newburg[h]— there was then no other communication — and then the drive of seven miles, generally arriving at the “Mansion House” long after dark…


The house was a massive stone building, set quite too closely to the broad, dusty turnpike. A century ago there were but few travelers on the lonely road and such relieved rather than disturbed the monotony of the home life. There was a small, roofed porch in front, upon which always stood two extremely quaint chairs.


The old-fashioned divided door with its big brass knocker introduced you to a heavily wainscoted entrance, which again opened upon a great hall… the late supper, and the dance prolonged till after midnight, perhaps intruded upon by the phantom lady, who once every year at that spectral hour, tradition asserts, issued forth “from her chamber, clothed in white,” and gliding through the house, vanished as mysteriously as she came. What was the history of the ghostly lady, or why… I know not. A small corner room on the upper floor was held sacred to her presence, and in the history of the house was always known as the “white room.”


A sizable portion of the woodwork from the first-floor west parlor is now on display as part of a furnished colonial room at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Other pieces are stored in the Montgomery Town Hall.

In 1861, after several generations had lived there, the mansion and the remainder of its attached land were sold out of the family. Its role as a home continued well into the 20th century, falling victim to the elements only when there was disagreement over its future by its then-owners and its upkeep was neglected.

The mansion and its setting, now the property of the Town of Montgomery, are being developed into a park. An annual open house is held on the grounds in April; a prelude to the future when we will be able to walk in the paths of previous generations of the Colden family and their guests. Imagine the home and grounds as it once was, full of people who, like us, laughed and loved and lived and died; who cared about their home and family and strove to provide a warm welcome to all those entered through their door.

*This is a guest post by Juliann Hansen. She is a Colden descendant.




Cadwallader Colden, Jr., letter to a cousin (1796), as transcribed in Samuel Watkins Eager, An Outline History of Orange County (1847), p. 245f.


Edwin R. Purple, Genealogical Notes of the Colden Family in America (1873).


Sarah S. Murray, In the Olden Time: A Short History of the Descendants of John Murray, the Good (1894).

Sarah (b. ca. 1832) describes her visits to the mansion from the time of her childhood,

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Find Your Park in Hyde Park

FDR-Library of Congress

On August 25th 1916 President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill creating an official agency that would “conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for future generations.” This year the National Park Service is celebrating its centennial and this coming week will be a great opportunity to wish a happy birthday to some of the Hudson Valley’s very own National Historic treasures.

To date there are 59 designated National Parks but there are over 400 units in the National Park Service system including historic sites, monuments, battlefields, seashores, and reserves. Our Hudson Valley native President Franklin Delano Roosevelt added over 65 units to the parks system including his own home at Hyde Park. Even before his house opened another Hyde Park home was receiving attention thanks in part to FDR. In 1940 the president had encouraged Margaret Van Alen, a niece of the Vanderbilts to donate the lavish house and grounds in a time when no one could afford to live such an ostentatious lifestyle. Vanderbilt was the first National Park in Hyde Park but it would not be the last.

FDR’s home opened to the public on April 12th 1946, a year to the day after his passing. There were well over 5,000 curious tourists that day and there would be many more in the years to come. Like Vanderbilt, Roosevelt’s home is left intact with all of its original belongings as he requested. Both homes are like time capsules that were once living and have stopped in a place in time. Eleanor Roosevelt was on hand to welcome visitors into her family’s old home but she would never live there after 1945. Instead she retreated to her own little cottage Val-Kill which became the first National Park dedicated to a First Lady and opened to visitors many years after her death in 1984. The fourth and final National Historic Site in Hyde Park is Top Cottage, the president’s retreat.

All of these sites will be open and tours will be free during the National Park Service Founders Week, August 25th – 28th.
Know before you go….
- Since the tours will be free, no reservations will be taken
- Arrive early to sites as the tours will sell out.
- The FDR Presidential Library and Museum is not a National Park, they will be charging normal fees.

For more questions please visit us at

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The Guilford Church in Gardiner, New York

Guilford Church from History of the Town of Gardiner 100th Anniversary created for Town of Gardiner

Guilford was a hamlet that existed prior to the formation of Gardiner in 1853. It was named for the patent that had been granted to Graham and Delavel. Joseph Hasbrouck and his wife Elise Schoonmaker purchased 2,000 acres from James Graham and John Delavel in 1706. During this time if residents of Guilford wanted to go to church services their options were  New Paltz or Kingston. Towards the end of the 18th century those choices widened to include Shawangunk. Both churches were a considerable distance.

It was by 1832 that residents of Guilford wanted a church of their own. According to Kenneth E. Hasbrouck, Sr., and Ralph Lefevre, a meeting was held at the home of Jonathan Westbrook . The first order of business was to find land for a church.

The descendants of Joseph and Elsie Hasbrouck gave the land for the new church. Joseph and Jane Hasbrouck incorporated into the deed that the land was for the Dutch Reformed Church only. The land must always be used for a church or some other spiritual purposes. Finally, in 1833, the church was built. It was located, “on the right side if the road leading from New Paltz to Benton Corners, at the intersection of the four roads: New Paltz to Tuthilltown, Phillies Bridge and New Paltz to Benton Corners.” Residents came from as far away as Forest Glen and Kettleboro to attended services. In addition to a church, a parsonage was constructed in 1835.

Guilford’s Dutch Reformed Church was active for the next seven and a half decades. The beginning of the end for the church occurred on the morning of November 22, 1908. A local newspaper reported that Alonzo Lockwood, a local farmer, entered the church at 9:00 am to build a fire. This was in preparation for the services that started at 11:00 am. Around 10:00 am, Lockwood went to check on the fire. However, before re-entering the building, he noticed smoke coming from the area around the chimney. He ran into the church; the fire was spreading fast.

Lockwood looked around the building to see what he could save. The only objects he saved was the pulpit furniture. Later, it was believed that a defective flue caused the fire. Luckily there was an insurance policy on the building for $1500. Unfortunately, the damage was about $2500.

Rev. Lasher continued to preach from the parsonage as well as from the Tuthill Chapel. He did this until 1914 when he resigned. The congregation vowed to rebuild, but those hopes eventually died out. As one historian pointed out, the population of Guilford was declining. In addition, travel was becoming easier, and the “congregation soon dispersed to New Paltz and Gardiner where the Dutch Reformed Church of Gardiner was located. The church officially disbanded in 1930.


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Why the name Gardiner?

Addison Gardiner-Wikipedia

Since being appointed Town of Gardiner Historian, I have been asked many questions about Gardiner History. The most common question is, why the name Gardiner? Perhaps the second most frequently asked question is, when did Gardiner come into existence? Since Robert DeNiro moved to Gardiner, there have been few questions asking me where Gardiner is located.

According to Kenneth E. Hasbrouck Sr., before becoming Gardiner, the town was known as Church Corners. It was named after Samuel Church. This changed when the Seventy-Sixth Session of the Legislature passed an act “to erect the town of Gardiner in the county of Ulster on April 2, 1853.” Gardiner’s borders were based on a map drawn by Calvin McKinney. Gardiner was carved out of the towns of Shawangunk, New Paltz, and Rochester. The first town meeting was ordered to be held the, “third Tuesday of May next, at the dwelling house now occupied by Denton Smith….”  This still leaves the question, why the name Gardiner?

Addison Gardiner Grave, Mount Hope Cemetery Rochester, NY- Find a Grave

The town was named for Addison Gardiner who was a Lieutenant Governor of New York State. He was elected to Lieutenant Governor in 1844. Later, he sat as a Judge on the New York Court of Appeals from 1847 to 1855.  Although both a Lieutenant Governor, and Judge for New York, Gardiner was not born in New York State.

The New York Historical Society of the New York Courts lists his place of birth as “Rindge, New Hampshire on March 19, 1797″. He was the child of ”William Gardner, who served as a colonel of a local regiment and for three years as a member of the state legislature, and Rebecca (Raymond) Gardner.” The family left New England for New York after 1809. They settled in Manlius, located in Onondaga County. William Gardner quickly became ”a successful merchant and manufacturer.” It was while in Manlius, that the family “restored the original spelling of the family name, Gardiner.”

Addison Gardiner retired from public life in 1855. Although he still came out retirement for affairs of the court, he mainly spent time on his farm outside of Rochester where he died on June 5, 1883. The question that remains did Addison Gardiner ever visit the town that was named after him.

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Abraham Hasbrouck Daughter's Grave - AJ Schenkman

The Gardiner Library will be holding a free Ancestry Research Workshop on Monday August 1 from 7 to 9 PM. Pre-registration is required by July 25th. Led by Town Historian A.J. Schenkman, the workshop is geared for people who want to learn more about their ancestors but are not sure where to begin. This workshop will provide an introduction to the resources available and how to use them.

A.J. Schenkman is a History teacher in the Hudson Valley and is the author of several books and articles. He is a consulting historian for Historic Huguenot Street and is the Town of Gardiner Historian. A.J. has been on numerous radio shows and writes for The Times Herald Record History Blog, Orange and Ulster Magazines, as well as the New York History Blog.

The workshop will be held in the library community room, 133 Farmer’s Turnpike in Gardiner, NY. The community room is equipped with T-coil technology for those with compatible hearing aids and cochlear implants. For directions or further information call 255-1255 or visit or the library’s facebook page.

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The Slave Dwelling Project

Photo provided by HHS

Joseph McGill, founder of the Slave Dwelling Project, travels the country spending the night in historic slave dwellings to bring awareness to their existence, history, and need for preservation. On Friday, September 9, he will spend the night at Historic Huguenot Street in the Bevier-Elting House cellar, marking his first visit to the Hudson Valley. The following evening, Historic Huguenot Street will host a special reception with Mr. McGill, during which he will provide his initial thoughts about the previous night’s experience and touch on his mission to preserve historic slave dwellings across the country and particularly in places where traces of them have disappeared.

A descendant of slaves, Mr. McGill founded the Slave Dwelling Project in 2010, having worked for the National Trust for Historic Preservation in Charleston, South Carolina, and seeing the need for preservation of historic slave dwellings first-hand. Since 2010, Mr. McGill has spent the night in dozens of slave dwellings throughout the country, at times even in antebellum wrist shackles.

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A Great Resource for Maps of Ulster County

Map of Gardiner 1897 UC Clerk's Office

I receive many emails, by way of the this column, asking me for help on local history research. Many of the emails are just asking me for helpful resources they can use in locating long-lost ancestors or simply finding out more information about them. An often overlooked place is the map room in the Ulster County Clerk’s Office in Kingston, New York.

The map room is a vast archive containing everything from land divisions to patents. Their archive also includes what are known as Letters of Administration. This archive is great when you are looking for documents that are 1787 to the present, and in some cases earlier. If you are seeking earlier records you will need, in some cases, to go to the New York State Archives in Albany or the Ulster County Clerk’s Archive on Foxhall Avenue in Kingston, New York.  Many of the earlier records are kept in these two locations.

This archive also holds some surprises for the researcher. Newburgh, and several other southern Ulster towns, became a part of Orange County in 1798. The town of Newburgh was one of those towns. So sometimes when researching individuals one might be tempted to look for someone who lived in Newburgh in the map room, when in fact the records are in Ulster County.

There are some great finds among the many maps. One is the 1897 Map of Gardiner, New York. This map is mainly of the downtown. It is particularly useful because it lists names of individuals who owned business’s, as well as, residences. So if you are researching a family member it can be quite helpful.  Many individuals over look this valuable archive when conducting family research. These valuable documents are in most cases not only easy to access, but for a fee can be photocopied.

FW Beers Map of Gardiner (1875) is an example of the type of map found at the archive on Foxhall Avenue

The Ulster County Clerk’s Office is open five days a week. It is located on the 2n

d floor of the  County Office Building’s, at  244 Fair Street in Kingston.

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Newburgh, a Presidential City

JFK at Stewart AFB Courtesy of JFK Library

Newburgh, during its long history, has been the destination for the rich, famous and powerful. This has included future U.S. Presidents as well as past presidents. Some of these visitors have included George Washington, Theodore Roosevelt, Ulysses S. Grant, Gerald Ford, John F. Kennedy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Grover Cleveland, and most recently Bill Clinton.

Although he was not president in 1782-1783, George Washington made Newburgh his military headquarters. This future first president took the oath of office in 1789. During his two terms, as president, he did not visit Newburgh. Washington was not the only future president to visit Newburgh. Congressman Gerald Ford visited Newburgh for a “Gilman for Congress” dinner in September 24, 1972. Grover Cleveland was another future president to visit Newburgh. He was in Newburgh to celebrate its Revolutionary War past.

Grover Cleveland was Governor of New York when he attended the 1883 celebrations at Washington’s Headquarters. This centennial marked the disbandment of the Revolutionary Army.  He would become president two years later. Finally, a third future president, Andrew Jackson allegedly “received his first public nomination for President of the United States.” However, The Hermitage, the house where Jackson lived a good part of his life, has no records of this visit.

The first well-known president to visit Newburgh was the former Union General turned president, Ulysses S. Grant. He not only toured the city on August 7, 1869, but also toured Washington’s Headquarters before returning to West Point aboard the Steamship M. Martin. His trip was boycotted by a number of veterans who felt he was not being fair to some Civil War Veterans.

Theodore Roosevelt visited Newburgh both as a future and a past President of the United States. The first time was campaigning for Governor of New York on a 600 mile Whistle Stop Tour. Two decades later he would visit Newburgh again to boost the war effort. This time Teddy Roosevelt visited the Newburgh Shipyard Fabrication Plant in September 1918.

Roosevelt attended a ceremony commissioning the USS Newburgh. One of Roosevelt’s more memorable quotes from his speech praised the shipyard; “ I am convinced that generally speaking, there is a fine spirit of patriotism in shipbuilding labor on all parts of the country.” He did voice concerns, in the same speech, “that in certain yards men have loafed individually, and that in certain yards unions have actually limited the output.” He saw these men as traitors to the country. He continued, he would send such men to Europe into the most dangerous places without a rifle.

Teddy Roosevelt in Newburgh on a "Whistle Stop Tour" in 1898 Courtesy of the Historical Society of Newburgh Bay and the Highlands

Theodore Roosevelt was not the only Roosevelt to visit Newburgh. Teddy’s cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1944, also visited a Newburgh shipyard. In addition, he toured the upper part of Newburgh. The crowd was reported, in local papers, as larger than his first visit in 1940. The president noted his attachment to Newburgh because his mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, was from Newburgh.  Perhaps one of the more memorable visits was a young U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, John F. Kennedy.

Senator Kennedy made a campaign stop in Newburgh in October 1959. He arrived at Stewart Air Force Base. According to the JFK Library in Massachusetts, Kennedy spoke in the Green Room in the Hotel Newburgh. James M. Landis in a letter to Joseph P. Kennedy reported that his son, “made a wonderful impression,” even though the weather was grim. He was not deterred by this though, and added that “the Bible says that the rain falls on the just and the unjust alike.” He continued that the rain also falls on members of both political parties.  Senator Kennedy departed Newburgh between 2:30 and 2:45. He would visit again in 1962, landing at Stewart Air Force Base on his way to West Point.

A former president who has visited Newburgh quite a bit is Bill Clinton as well as his wife. Hillary Clinton visited Newburgh in 1998 to tour Washington’s Headquarters, and did so again with her husband in the summer of 2008. As late as October 2015, former President Clinton dazzled local Newburgh residents when he walked into a Dunkin Donuts on his way to West Point.


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    AJ Schenkman

    A.J. Schenkman is the author of numerous books and articles. He is Consulting Historian for Historic Huguenot Street and Town of Gardiner Historian. Read Full

    Elizabeth Werlau

    Elizabeth Werlau is an English teacher in the Hudson Valley and is the historian for the Town of Plattekill in Ulster County. She has authored and contributed to several books on regional history, including her most recent publication, Murder and ... Read Full

    Debra Conway

    A former Features writer/Columnist for the Times Herald-Record and Director of Fort Delaware Museum of Colonial History in Narrowsburg, Debra Conway is currently the Executive Director of The Delaware Company, a nonprofit organization dedicated to ... Read Full

    Matthew Colon

    Matthew Colon enjoyed nearly a decade in public history working and volunteering for organizations including Washington’s Headquarters State Historic Site and the Historical Society of Newburgh Bay and the Highlands. Read Full

    Shannon Butler

    Shannon Butler is a Park Ranger of Interpretation and Education at Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Site in Hyde Park New York. She has also interpreted the Senate House State Historic Site in Kingston New York. Read Full
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