Army has recruited the Charlotte, N.C. area well since Jeff Monken took over as coach in December 2013.
Independence senior quarterback Kelvin Hopkins is a member of Army’s 2015 recruiting class.
The Black Knights hope to add another Charlotte quarterback in 2016.
Army offered Mallard Creek junior James Smith Tuesday.
Smith, who is 5-foot-11 and 180 pounds, led Mallard Creek to a 15-1 record and a 2014 state 4AA title. He was named the Charlotte Observer’s offensive player of the year. Smith set school records for total yards (4,707), passing yards (3,357), passing touchdowns (35) and total touchdowns (60). He rushed for 1,350 yards and 25 scores, including three in the state title game against Wake Forest.
Surprisingly, Army is Smith’s first offer.
Army is nearing 200 offers to the class of 2016.
By my count, Army has offered 190 high school juniors.
Army has offered players from 26 of the 50 states, by my count. Texas has the most offers with 28, followed by Florida (22), New Jersey (20) and Georgia (19).
The Black Knights are still waiting for their first commit.
Here’s a list of the players they have offered:
2016 Army offers
T Tarik Adams, 6-4, 285, Lowndes HS, Valdosta, Ga.
RB Jaret Anderson, 5-10, 185, Charlotte (N.C.) Catholic HS
CB Austin Andrews, 6-1, 180, St. Francis de Sales HS, Columbus, Ohio: Andrews has received offers from Ball State, Boston College, Iowa, Purdue, Rutgers and Wisconsin, among others.
CB Manny Appiah, 6-1, 180, Bergen Catholic HS, Oradell, N.J.
WR Kirk Augustus, 5-9, 165, Ardrey Kell HS, Charlotte, N.C.
K Alex Barbir, 5-9, 185, South Forsyth HS, Cumming, Ga.
LB Michael Badejo, 6-1, 203, Mansfield Timberview HS, Arlington, Texas: Navy, Air Force, Boise State and Washington have offered Badejo. Army has also offered Badejo’s teammate, quarterback Devin Williams.
WR Jaquarius Bargnare, 5-9, 189, Dr. Phillips HS, Orlando, Fla.
OL Harrison Barton, 6-3, 285, Houston (Texas) Christian HS
C Chris Beech, 6-2, 288, Archbishop Alter HS, Kettering, Ohio
DE Drew Beesley, 6-3, 220, De La Salle HS, Warren, Mich.: Ball State has also offered Beesley.
C-G Sean Behrens, 6-3, 285, Newsome HS, Lithia, Fla.: Attending Army Junior Day.
QB Joey Benden, 5-10, 180, Massaponax HS, Spotsylvania, Va.
RB Rakeem Boyd, 5-11, 200, Stratford HS, Houston, Texas: ESPN ranks Boyd as the 27th-best RB in the 2016 class.
LB Todd Bradley, 6-foot, 210, Valdosta (Ga.) HS: Navy offered Bradley before Army.
T Parker Braun, 6-4, 275, Osceola HS, Kissimmee, Fla: Braun’s father, Mike, played football for Army from 1986-88. Ohio State, Stanford and Duke are among others, who have offered Braun.
QB Anthony Brown, 6-2, 190, St. John Vianney HS, Holmdel, N.J.: Brown has offers from Air Force, Boston College, Northwestern, Temple, Wake Forest and UConn among others.
RB-S Brittain Brown, 6-2, 190, Cherokee HS, Canton, Ga.
RB Jesse Brown, 5-11, 185, Brookwood HS, Snellville, Ga.: Recently received an offer from Boston College. Offered by Kansas State, Navy and Air Force among others.
WR Rico Bussey, 6-1, 170, Eisenhower HS, Lawton, Okla.
S Anthony Butler, 6-2, 190, Vance HS, Charlotte, N.C.
CB Camryn Bynum, 5-11, 164, Centennial HS, Corona, Calif.: Bynum recently received his eighth offer from Washington State. Navy offered Bynum soon after Army. Also has offers from Boise State and San Diego State.
DE Charles Callender, 6-2, 220, Gulliver Prep, Miami, Fla.: ESPN ranked Callender the 62nd best DE in 2016 class.
WR Antoine Cannady, 6-3, 225, Dawson HS, Pearland, Texas
OL Eric Cal, 6-3, 286, Providence Day HS, Charlotte, N.C.
LB Eron Carter, 6-2, 215, Palatka (Fla.) HS: Carter has Army at the top of his recruiting list. UMass and Troy have also offered.
S Adrian Clark, 6-2, 215, Woodrow Wilson HS, Camden, N.J.
WR Kjetil Cline, 6-foot, 185, IMG Academy, Bradenton, Fla.
DE-TE Dante Cleveland, 6-3, 240, Hoffman Estates (Ill.) HS
WR Gene Coleman, 6-foot, 178, Bergen Catholic (N.J.) HS, Oradell, N.J.
CB Miles Corpening, 5-11, 180, Vance HS, Charlotte, N.C.
DL Da’shon Copes, 6-1, 267, Toms River (N.J.) North HS
RB Jeremiah Credit, 5-7, 165, Brazosport HS, Freeport, Texas
CB Ty Daniels, 6-foot, 177, Foster HS, Richmond, Texas: Army was Daniel’s first offer.
LB Lorenzo Dantzler, 6-2, 230, Starkville (Miss.) HS: (COMMITTED to Louisiana Tech)
DL Jonathan Decker, 6-5, 250, Acola (Tenn.) HS
K J.D. Dellinger, 6-2, 170, Charlotte (N.C.) Country HS
LB Joel Dublanko, 6-3, 227, Aberdeen (Wash.) HS: Dublanko, a member of Team USA’s U-18 team, has been offered by Washington State among others. ESPN ranks Dublanko the 27th-best OLB in the 2016 class.
CB Coney Durr, 5-10, 171, Dutchtown HS, Geismar, La.: Kansas State is among the other schools, which has offered Durr.
CB Joshua Drayden, 5-11, 175, Bishop Dunne HS, Dallas, Texas: ESPN ranks Drayden the 38th best CB in the 2016 class.
DL Michael Dwumfour, 6-3, 265, DePaul Catholic HS, Wayne, N.J.: Also has offers from Wake Forest and Temple.
CB D’Angelo Ellis, 6-foot, 160, Cypress Ridge HS, Houston, Texas: Ellis has also received an offer from Rice.
DE Will Evans, 6-2, 260, Aquinas HS, Augusta, Ga.: Evans also has offer from Air Force
RB Tyus Flakes, 5-10, 195, Auburn (Ala.) HS: Marshall recently offered Flakes.
DE Andrew Fitzgerald, 6-5, 245, Marcus HS, Flower Mound, Texas: Navy, Air Force, Boise State, Caifornia, Colorado State, Kansas State, North Carolina and Vanderbilt has also offered Fitzgerald.
OL Will Fries, 6-6, 265, Cranford (N.J.) HS
RB Jake Funk, 5-11, 205, Damascus (Md.) HS
CB-S Bricen Garner, 6-3, 175, Central Catholic HS, Pittsburgh, Pa.” Also offered by Navy, Kent State, Miami (Ohio), Temple, Toledo, UMass and Fordham.
DE Demerick Gary, 6-3, 245, Kimball HS, Dallas, Texas: Recently offered by Air Force.
DE Michael Geraghty, 6-3, 232, Bishop Gorman HS, Las Vegas, Nev.
DE Jordan Giberti, 6-3, 225, Gainesville (Fla.) HS
LB Ryan Gilmartin, 6-1, 230, Charlotte (N.C.) Christian HS
LB Roury Glanton, 6-foot, 230, Carrollton (Ga.) HS
OL-DL Joe Goff, 6-5, 265, Episcopal HS, Alexandria, Va.: Navy offered Goff after Army.
S Xavier Goodall, 5-11, 185, Henrico HS, Richmond, Va.
WR-CB Palmer Graham, 5-9, 165, Conant HS, Hoffman Estates, Ill.
WR E.J. Gray, 6-2, 190, St. Peter’s Prep, Jersey City, N.J.
RB Russell Halimon, 5-9, 182, Allatoona HS, Acworth, Ga.: (COMMITTED to Arizona)
WR Tanner Hall, 6-2, 185, Lambert HS, Suwanee, Ga.: Army was the first to offer Hall. Also has offers from Navy and Air Force.
WR-CB Damar Hamlin, 6-1, 185, Central Catholic HS, Pittsburgh, Pa.: Hamlin recently received his 34th offer from Cincinnati. Auburn, Clemson, Indiana, Miami (Fla.), Navy, Stanford, Tennesseem UCLA, Vanderbilt and Wake Forest, among others, that have also offered Hamlin.
QB Donald Hammond, 6-1, 205 Eagle’s Landing Christian HS, McDonough, Ga.
RB Darrian Hammonds, 6-foot, 220, Seguin HS, Arlington, Texas: Air Force, Iowa and Kansas have offered Hammonds.
DE Matt Hampson, 6-4, 235, Pine-Richland HS, Gibsonia, Pa.: Bowling Green has also offered Hampson.
LB Bryce Handy, 6-1, 213, Columbus HS, Miami, Fla.
LB Jake Hansen, 6-1, 220, East Lake HS, Tarpon Springs, Fla.
QB Felix Harper, 6-foot, 170, Creekside HS, Fairburn, Ga.
WR Jared Harrell, 6-2, 190, St. John Bosco HS, Bellflower, Calif.
RB Romello Harris, 5-10, 180, Tulare (Calif.) Union HS:
DL Chase Hatada, 6-3, 255, Rocklin (Calif.) HS: Fresno State and San Diego State are among other schools, which have offered Hatada.
CB Ojahi Hawkins, 6-2, 169, Winter Haven (Fla.) HS: Recently received an offer from Utah.
CB Joe Joe Headen, 6-1, 175, Bishop McDevitt HS, Harrisburg, Pa.
RB Artiss Henderson, 5-10, 200, MacArthur HS, Irving, Texas
QB-S Isaiah Hill, 6-1, 190, Florida HS, Tallahassee, Fla.
CB Tyrone Hill, 6-2, 198, Don Bosco Prep, Ramsey, N.J.: Navy offered Hill last week.
RB Artice Hobbs, 5-10, 175, Newton HS, Covington, Ga.: Hobbs’ Hudl profile says he runs the 40-yard dash in 4.39 seconds.
DL Kellton Hollins, 6-3, 285, Zachary (La.) HS
RB-S Khaleke Hudson, 6-foot, 205, McKeesport (Pa.) HS: Also offered by Navy
DE Dallas Jeanty, 6-1, 220, Fort Lauderdale (Fla.) HS: Recently offered by Navy
WR-CB Nate Johnson, 6-foot, 180, Independence HS, Thompsons Station, Tenn.
OL-DL Braylon Jones, 6-4, 290, John Tyler HS, Tyler, Texas
QB Deshaunte Jones, 5-10, 170, Colerain HS, Cincinnati, Ohio: Cincinnati and Toledo have also offered Jones.
DL Noah Jones, 6-5, 255, Southmoore HS, Moore, Okla.: Navy, Kansas State and Toledo have offered Jones.
OL Spencer Kanz, 6-6, 280, Luxemburg-Casco HS, Luxemburg, Wisc.: Kanz’s first offer came from Illinois, has offered been offered by MAC schools Bowling Green, Ohio, Buffalo, Western Michigan, Eastern Michigan, Miami (Ohio) and Toledo
DT Josh Keeler, 6-2, 295, Bishop Moore HS, Orlando, Fla.: Air Force, Boise State, Georgia Southern, Syracuse, Purdue, Central Florida, Vanderbilt and Buffalo are among the schools to offer Keeler.
DE-LB Eric Kendzoir, 6-3, 230, La Porte (Texas) HS: Attending Army Junior Day
SB-CB Chris Kershner, 5-9, 164, Dardanelle (Ark.) HS: Kershner’s first offer came from Navy.
S Jack King, 6-2, 206, Providence HS, Charlotte, N.C.
WR Tyler Kirtz, 6-2, 190, Brownsburg (Ind.) HS: Kirtz has also received offers from Air Force, Ball State and Bowling Green.
K Jake Koehnke, 6-foot, 175, La Costa Canyon HS, Carlsbad, Calif.: Army was the first offer for Koehnke.
RB Khalil Lacy, 5-11, 158, Richardson (Texas) HS: Army was the first to offer Lacy, who was a second-team, all-district receiver in 2014.
RB Alan Lamar, 5-9, 185, DeSoto Central HS, Southaven, Miss.
T-DT Brett Leake, 6-4, 260, Eastern View HS, Culpeper, Va.: Buffalo and Liberty have offered Leake.
RB Jonathon Lee, 5-11, 187, Riverdale Baptist School, Upper Marlboro, Md.
QB Riley Lees, 6-1, 185, Libertyville (Ill.) HS: Lees is from the same high school as Army junior quarterback A.J. Schurr. (COMMITTED to Miami, Ohio).
LB Peyton Long, 6-2, 225, Dallas (Texas) Jesuit HS: Also offered by Navy.
S Kenney Lyte, 6-2, 182, Fremd HS, Palatine, Ill.: Lyte holds a recent offer from Baylor.
DT William Mack III, 6-2, 255, Don Bosco Prep, Ramsey, N.J.
RB Dorian Maddox, 5-11, 200, Gilman HS, Baltimore, Md.
RB-CB Martin Mangram, 5-11, 180, Buford (Ga.) HS: Has been offered by Northwestern.
LB Solomon Manning, 6-2, 200, Colonia (N.J.) HS
QB TaDarryl Marshall, 6-foot, 172, Leeds (Ala.) HS: Marshall has received offers from Alabama, Georgia Tech, Tennessee and Auburn among others. Auburn wants Marshall to play on defensive side of the ball. (COMMITTED to Tennessee).
DE Tyreic Martin, 6-4, 265, Valley (Ala.) HS
LB Tanner Matthews, 6-3, 228, Santa Margarita HS, Rancho Santa Margarita, Calif.
DE Sal Mauro, 6-3, 238, Bergen Catholic (N.J.) HS, Oradell, N.J.
DE Matt McClurg, 6-5, 230, Alcoa (Tenn.) HS: McClurg was offered by Army, Navy and Eastern Michigan on the same day. Air Force and Ball State among others to offer McClurg.
OL-DL Drew McEntyre, 6-2, 285, Calhoun (Ga.) HS: Attended Army Junior Day.
DE Darius McFarland, 6-3, 250, Box Elder HS, Brigham City, Utah
WR-S Teddrick McGhee, 6-2, 175, Memphis East HS, Memphis, Tenn.
DT Jordan McGriff, 6-3, 320, Hun School, Princeton, N.J.
LB Jimmy McKinney, 6-1, 225, Oologah (Okla.) HS: Air Force, Colorado State, Wyoming and Ohio are among the schools to offer McKinney.
DL Alex Miller, 6-3, 265, Stratford HS, Houston, Texas
RB Tre Miller, 6-1, 215, Dixie HS, St. George, Utah
RB Darius Morehead, 5-8, 170, Ensworth HS, Nashville, Tenn.
CB Chris Moore, 6-2, 185, Broad Run HS, Ashburn, Va.
CB Khalil Moore, 5-11, 165, Davidson Day HS, Davidson, N.C.: Moore’s Hudl profile says he runs the 40-yard dash in 4.4 seconds.
WR-CB Lonnie Moore, 5-10, 165, Paul VI HS, Haddonfield, N.J.: Attended Army Junior Day
RB Blake Morgan, 5-10, 170, Creekside HS, St. Johns, Fla.
CB T.J. Morrison, 5-11, 175, Stepinac HS, White Plains, N.Y.
S Justin Mulbah, 6-foot, 200, St. Vincent Pallotti HS, Laurel, Md.: Navy was first to offer Mulbah.
TE Jordan Myers, 6-1, 205, Dickinson (Texas) HS
TE Mack Nash, 6-5, 250, Camden County HS, Kingsland, Ga.: Navy also offered Nash.
OL Marshal Nathe, 6-3, 285, Centennial HS, Peoria, Ariz.: (COMMITTED to Arizona State)
TE Trey Neville, 6-4, 245, Lafayette HS, Williamsburg, Va.: Attended Army Junior Day
WR Tre Nixon, 6-foot, 155, Viera (Fla.) HS: ESPN ranks Nixon the 176th-best player and the 24th-best receiver in the 2016 class.
QB L.J. Northington, 6-2, 190, Lutheran HS, Orange, Calif.: Navy has offered Northington.
WR Audie Omotosho, 6-2, 189, Plano (Texas) East HS: Recently offered by Arkansas. Oklahoma State, Utah, Kansas, Boston College, Navy and SMU are among other schools to offer Omotosho.
DL Tymir Oliver, 6-4, 265, West Catholic HS, Philadelphia, Pa.
DB Mikial Onu, 5-11, 175, George Ranch HS, Richmond, Texas: Onu also has offers from Navy, Air Force and Rice.
WR Jordan Overton, 5-10, 180, Brush HS, Lyndhurst, Ohio
DT Mike Panasiuk, 6-3, 285, Lake Park HS, Roselle, Ill.
WR-CB Jamal Parker, 5-10, 170 Camden Catholic HS. Cherry Hill, N.J.
LB Ryan Parker, 6-1, 205, Baylor HS, Chattanooga, Tenn.
OL-DL Mac Patrick, 6-2, 285, Hanover HS, Mechanicsville, Va.
LB Tabb Patrick, 6-1, 210, Hanover HS, Mechanicsville, Va.: Navy has offered Patrick.
RB Kameron Pickett, 5-11, 215, North Gwinnett HS, Suwanee, Ga.: Navy, Air Force, Miami (Ohio), Marshall, Southern Mississippi and Buffalo have offered Pickett.
LB John Picone, 6-2, 212, Mandeville (La.) HS
LB Jonathan Pollock, 6-foot, 212, Dr. Phillips HS, Orlando, Fla.: Pollock verbally committed to Rutgers in the fall.
DE-TE Austin Pope, 6-4, 217, Christian Academy of Knoxville (Tenn.): Navy, Georgia Southern, Furman and Jacksonville State have offered Pope.
G Dylan Powell, 6-3, 270, Hannibal (Mo.) HS
LB Evan Powell, 6-1, 220, Cherokee HS, Marlton, N.J.
CB Rajah Preciado, 5-9, 177, College Station (Texas) HS
TE Matt Prendergast, 6-5, 245, Nazareth Academy, LaGrange Park, Ill.
S Austin Quillen, 6-foot, 190, Jenks (Okla.) HS: Navy, Iowa and Vanderbilt are among the schools to offer Quillen. (COMMITTED to Vanderbilt)
RB Micah Reed-Campos, 5-9, 180, Chandler (Ariz.) HS: The Hudl profile of Reed-Campos says he runs the 40-yard dash in 4.39 seconds.
DL Darius Reynolds, 6-2, 225, York HS, Yorktown, Va.
WR Joseph Richard, 6-3, 200, Christ Presbyterian HS, Nashville, Tenn.
QB Tyree Rodgers, 6-2, 180, Camden (N.J.) Catholic HS
WR-S Jarel Rowe, 6-4, 190, Carrollton (Ga.) HS
CB Jalen Russell, 5-11, 195, Vista Murietta HS, Murietta, Calif.
WR Geraud Saunders, 6-3, 185, Bishop Dunne HS, Dallas, Texas: Recently offered by Air Force.
OL Zach Shackelford, 6-4, 290, Belton (Texas) HS: Rice, Tulsa and Houston among schools, which have offered Shackelford.
LS John Shannon, 6-2, 225, Loyola Academy, Wilmette, Ill.: (COMMITTED to Notre Dame)
DE-LB Brandon Simon, 6-2, 230, Don Bosco Prep, Ramsey, N.J.: Recently offered by Boston College.
K Trey Simons, 6-2, 155, Atlantic Coast HS, Jacksonville, Fla.: Army was the first to offer Simons.
WR Demari Simpkins, 6-foot, 176, Hallandale HS, Hallandale Beach, Fla.
CB Simeon Smiley, 6-1, 200, Pensacola (Fla.) Catholic HS: Wisconsin has offered Smiley.
QB James Smith, 5-11, 180, Mallard Creek HS, Charlotte, N.C.: Army was Smith’s first offer. Smith threw for 3,357 yards and 35 touchdowns and added 1,350 rushing yards and 25 touchdowns in 2014.
T-DT Nate Smith, 6-7, 260, Murrieta Mesa HS, Murrieta, Calif.: Oregon, UCLA, Oregon State, Arizona State, Arizona, California, Washington State, Baylor, Illinois, Vanderbilt, West Virginia, Penn State, Nebraska, Louisville, Cincinnati and Syracuse are among the schools we have offered Smith. (COMMITTED to USC)
RB-CB Trey Snead, 5-11, 195, Fleming Island HS, Orange Park, Fla.: (COMMITTED to Rutgers)
WR Jack Sorenson, 6-1, 185, Stevenson HS, Lincolnshire, Ill.
S Keoni Stallworth, 6-2, 190, Cosumnes Oaks HS, Elk Grove, Calif.: Army was first to offer Stallworth. Air Force was the second.
RB Bryson Stephens, 5-9, 176, Morristown-Hamblen HS, Morristown, Tenn.
LB Mason Stokke, 6-3, 205, Menomonie (Wisc.) HS: Stokke won the state 195-pound wrestling title this season. Iowa has also offered Stokke.
RB Miles Strickland, 5-11, 175, Bob Jones HS, Madison, Ala.
T Sterling Strother, 6-5, 254, Campolindo HS, Moraga, Calif.
S Tyshawn Suddoth, 5-11, 178, Lake Ridge HS, Mansfield, Texas
QB-LB Tymar Sutton, 6-foot, 215, McKeesport (Pa.) HS: Navy, West Virginia, Buffalo, Miami (Ohio), Ohio, Toledo have offered Sutton.
S Chanse Sylvie, 6-foot, 180, Calvary Academy, Shreveport, La.: Navy, Arizona, Arizona State, California, Colorado State, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma State and Tennessee are among the schools to offer Sylvie.
TE Collin Tatko, 6-5, 255, Northpoint Christian HS, Southaven, Miss.
RB-DB Yeedee Thaenrat, 5-10, 192, Father Judge HS, Philadelphia, Pa.: Picked up recent offer from UConn. Navy, Boston College and Purdue have also offered.
CB Mykal Tolliver, 6-foot, 177, St. John Bosco HS, Bellflower, Calif.: Also offered by Navy, Washington State, Colorado State and Nevada.
DE Anthony Trinh, 6-3, 230, Pace Academy, Atlanta, Ga.: Army was Trinh’s first offer. Air Force, Navy, Florida Atlantic, Kent State and Toledo are among the schools to offer Trinh.
SB Dawonya Tucker, 5-7, 150, Terrell (Texas) HS: Tucker runs the 40-yard dash in 4.38 seconds according to his Hudl profile.
DL Julius Turner, 6-2, 270, Meridian (Miss.) HS
RB Darryl Turner, 5-9, 184, DeMatha HS, Hyattsville, Md.: (COMMITTED to Maryland)
K Logan Tyler, 6-foot, 190, Nixa (Mo.) HS
CB Terrell Vassel, 6-1, 190, DePaul HS, Wayne, N.J.: Vassel has received offers from Temple, Old Dominion & UMass.
LB Desmond Veals, 6-foot, 195, West Brook HS, Beaumont, Texas
RB Daevon Vigilant, 5-10, 180, Downey (Calif.) HS; Vigilant’s Hudl profile says he runs a 4.3 40-yard dash.
QB Michael Viktrup, 6-1, 205, Carmel (Ind.) HS
DE Traver Vliem, 6-4, 240, Midland (Texas) HS
RB Jamauri Wakefield, 6-1, 208, Providence HS, Jacksonville, Fla.
DE Evan Weaver, 6-3, 239, Gonzaga Prep, Spokane, Wash.: California, Utah, UNLV and Wyoming are among the schools to offer Weaver.
QB Devin Williams, 5-10, 166, Mansfield Timberview HS, Arlington, Texas: (COMMITTED to Texas State). Williams committed to Texas State in late March. Five days later, Army offered.
QB Ramar Williams, 6-1, 177, Bishop McNamara HS, Forestville, Md.: Williams has also received an offer from Air Force.
T Justin Witt, 6-6, 273, Lincoln-Way West HS, New Lenox, Ill.: California and Iowa State are among the other schools to offer to Witt.
CB Jay Woods, 5-11, 180, Pinson Valley HS, Pinson, Ala.
LB Parker Workman, 6-3, 215, Bingham HS, South Jordan, Utah
LB Markus Wright, 6-3, 210, Jordan HS, Columbus, Ga.
OL Daniel Zapata, 6-3, 270, Paramus (N.J.) Catholic HS
DE-TE Zander Zimmer, 6-4, 225, Bishop Moore HS, Orlando, Fla.: Zimmer has also received offers from Duke, Illinois, Navy, Northwestern, Oregon State, Pittsburgh, Purdue, Southern Mississippi, South Florida, Syracuse, Virginia and West Virginia.